Can Chinchillas Eat Hay?

Chinchillas are herbivores. This means that they only eat plant material. Their diet consists mainly of grasses, herbs, leaves, seeds, fruits, and roots. But can chinchillas eat hay?

The answer is yes – chinchillas can eat hay! In fact, it’s one of the staples of a chinchilla’s diet and they need regular access to it. But why is this? And what benefit do chinchillas get from eating hay?

We’ll explore this in more depth below. We’ll also look at the best way to feed hay to a chinchilla, and run through the different types of hay suitable for feeding to a chinchilla.

The Nutritional Benefits Of Feeding Hay To A Chinchilla

Believe it or not, hay is made up of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and fats. And all of these nutrients are essential if your chinchilla is to stay fit and healthy! Here’s what each of them provides your chinchilla with:

Carbohydrates – Carbohydrates provide energy for your chinchilla. They help keep your chinchilla active and alert.

Proteins – Proteins are necessary for growth and repair of body tissues.

Vitamins & Minerals – Vitamins and minerals are needed for good health. Without them, your chinchilla will suffer from poor nutrition and illness.

Fats – Fats are used as an energy source by the body.

So, when you think about it, hay is actually very similar to the food we eat as humans. While we would obviously never dream of feasting on a plate of hay, it contains all of the same nutrients that a chinchilla’s body requires to function well.

What Vitamins & Minerals Are There In Hay?

As we’ve mentioned above, hay is an excellent source of many vitamins and minerals that your chinchilla needs every day. But what are these vitamins and minerals exactly?

Hay is packed full of vitamin B1 (thiamin), which helps regulate metabolism and nerve impulses. It also has vitamin C, which helps maintain strong bones and teeth. Vitamin E is found in hay too. This nutrient is important for maintaining skin and coat condition, and helping the immune system fight off disease.

It’s also worth noting that hay is rich in calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, manganese, sodium, potassium, iodine, selenium, and molybdenum. These are all vital for proper bone development and maintenance, and keeping your chinchilla healthy.

What Are The Different Types Of Hay Chinchillas Can Eat?

There are several different types of hay available on the market today. However, not all of them are suitable for use as a chinchilla’s primary source of nutrition. Here are some of the most common types of hay that are suitable for chinchillas:

Wheat Straw – Wheat straw is a great choice of hay for a chinchilla because it’s high in protein content. It’s also easy to digest, so your chinchilla won’t have any problems getting their daily intake.

Alfalfa – Alfalfa is another popular type of hay for chinchillas. It’s high in both protein and fiber, making it perfect for a chinchilla’s digestive tract. Alfalfa can be fed raw or cooked, depending on how much time you want to spend preparing it.

Timothy Hay – Timothy hay is a good option for a chinchilla who enjoys eating grassy hay. It’s high in protein and low in starch, meaning it doesn’t cause bloating.

Oat Straw – Oat straw is a nutritious feedstuff for chinchillas. Not only does it contain lots of protein, but it’s also high in fiber.

Barley Grass – Barley grass is another great option for a chinchillas’ diet. It’s high in fiber and protein, and makes a great addition to a chinchilla’s diet.

Other Types Of Food For Chinchillas

While hay is a great option for feeding your chinchilla, there are other types of foods that you need to factor into your chinchilla’s daily diet too. Some of these include:

Fruit – Fruit is another good choice of food for your chinchilla, but make sure that it doesn’t contain pesticides. If it does, then wash it thoroughly before giving it to your chinchilla.

Vegetables – Vegetables are also a nutritious food for chinchillas. Just be careful that they don’t contain pesticide residue.

Dry Food – Dry food is a popular type of food for chinchillas because it’s easy to give them. However, make sure that it’s free of chemicals such as parabens and phthalates. 

How To Feed Hay To Your Chinchilla

Once you’ve decided to feed your chinchilla hay, you need to know how to go about doing so. There are two ways you can feed hay to your chinchilla:

By hand – You simply pick out some fresh hay, cut it into small pieces, and put it in their cage. The chinchilla eats the hay by picking it up with its paws and then swallowing it.

With a hay feeder – If you have a hay feeder, you can simply fill it with hay, close the lid, and leave it there overnight. When you open the lid the next morning, your chinchilla should be happily munching away at the hay inside.

Of course, both methods work equally well. However, the second method is much easier than the first. So, if you want to save yourself time, consider buying a hay feeder instead of trying to feed your chinchillas by hand.

How Much Hay Should I Give My Chinchilla?

Chinchillas are naturally inclined towards grazing. So, when you first introduce hay into their diet, they should be given small amounts regularly throughout the day. The amount depends on how old your chinchilla is, but generally speaking, a chinchilla should have around 2-4oz of hay per day. If your chinchilla is older than 6 months, then he/she should be fed this amount 3-5 times daily.

If you want to give your chinchilla even more hay, then you can increase the amount gradually over time. As long as you follow the guidelines outlined above, there shouldn’t be any problems. However, if you do decide to start giving your chinchilla more hay than recommended, make sure to monitor their weight carefully. 


Hay is an excellent source of nutrition for chinchillas. But, like all other animals, chinchillas also require different kinds of food. This includes things like fruits, vegetables, dry food, and hay. So, make sure you give your chinchilla a good mixture of these and they’ll live a happy, healthy life.